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Relation Between Yarn Count and Machine Gauge

Relation Between Yarn Count and Machine Gauge
Raju Tex
Knitting Technologist,
B.J.Group, Mawna, Gazipur
Chittagong Textile Engineering College
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ERZRAZU




Introduction:
Selection of machine gauge depends upon yarn diameter. Yarn diameter also depends on several factors such as yarn count, fiber type, yarn twist, yarn finishing etc. General practice of yarn count and machine gauge in different industries in Bangladesh given below:
Machine Gauge
Machine Gauge
Machine Gauge According to Yarn Count:
Yarn Count
Machine Gauge
16
18
18
20
20
20
20
24
24
22
24
24
26
20
26
22
26
24
26
28
28
22
28
25
28
28
30
22
30
24
30
28
30
34
34
28
34
28

The above values may differ, because it is the results of a research work. There is a relation between yarn in tex and machine gauge is given by a equation,


For single-jersey, G = √(1650 / Tex) and

For double-jersey, G = √(1400 / Tex)

Where, G is measured in needles per cm.

The yarn count to be used on a circular knitting machine depends largely on the pitch, and thus on the machine gauge. For any given machine gauge it can lie within a larger range, because on the same machine different yarn count scan be used, depending on the knitted structure, the desired optics(fabric appearance)and the fabric properties.

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