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Fabric Consumption Calculation for 1 Dozen Men’s T-shirt

Fabric Consumption Calculation for 1 Dozen Men’s T-shirt
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Apparel Manufacturing
Asst. Merchandiser at A.M.C.S Textile Ltd
Email: raju.uttara72@yahoo.com



It is very important task for merchandisers about clear concept on correct fabric consumption. Because fabric cost bears the 40% to 45% of the total cost of any garments. To calculate fabric consumption for different kinds of garments different formula are used. For this woven fabric and knit fabric formula are different. Woven fabric measured in yards and knit fabric measured in kg. Fabric calculation of 1 dozen men's t-shirt are given below.
Men’s T-shirt
Fabric Consumption Calculation for 1 dozen Men’s T-shirt:

For a Men’s T-Shirt:
  • G.S.M (Given by buyer), Body : 145-150 GSM, Neck/Rib : 175-180 GSM
  • Sewing & seam allowances (Not given by buyer) – 1.50-3cm
  • Wastage % (Not given by buyer) – 7%
  • Measurement chart (given by buyer)
Measurement Chart:

Parameter
Given
Estimated with sewing allowance
a) Chest
96cm
102cm
b) HPS
65cm
70cm
c) sleeve length
20cm
25cm
d) Arm hole
46cm
49cm
e) Neck
58cm
61cm
f) Neck width
2+2=4cm
7cm
g) Bottom hem
2cm
 
Formula:
           L x W x 12 x GSM kg 
Cpd = ............................................................
                      10000000

Where, 

Cpd = Consumption per dozen
L = Length
W = Width
                            L x W x 12 x GSM
A) Cpd (body) = ................................ kg 
                                  10000000

   70 x 102x 12 x 150 
= ............................................
kg 
         10000000

= 1.28 kg
                               L x W x 12 x 2 x GSM 
B) Cpd (Sleeve) = ............................................kg 
                                       10000000
   25 x 49 x 12 x 2 x 150 
= ................................................ kg 
              10000000

= 0.44 kg

                            L x W x 12 x GSM
C) Cpd (Neck) = ...........................................kg 
                                    10000000
    61 x 7 x 12 x 180
= .............................................kg 
            10000000

= 0.092 kg

So, Total Cpd = (A + B+C)
= (1.28 + 0.44 + 0.09) kg
= 1.81 kg

Actual Cpd = Total Cpd + 7% wastage
= (1.81 + 7%)
= 1.94 kg

So, the fabric consumption for men’s T-shirt is 1.94 kg per dozen.

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