# Textile Calculation

## Sweater Gauge Counting and Yarn Consumption

Sweater Gauge Counting & Yarn Consumption
Raju Tex
Knitting Technologist,
B.J.Group, Mawna, Gazipur
Chittagong Textile Engineering College

Sweater Gauge:
In knitting, the word gauge is used both in hand knitting and machine knitting. Technical abbreviation is GG, refers to "Knitting Machines" fineness size. In both cases, the term refers to the number of stitches per inch, not the size of the finished garment. In both cases, the gauge is measured by counting the number of stitches (in hand knitting) or the number of needles (on a knitting machine bed) over several inches then dividing by the number of inches in the width of the fabric.
 Knitting guage
Sweater GAUGE calculation system:
• 1.5 gauge contains : from 9 to 13 plies
• 3 gauge contains : from 6 to 8 plies
• 5 gauge contains : from 3 to 5 plies
• 7 gauge contains : from 2 to 3 plies
• 10 gauge contains : from 1 to 2 plies
• 12 gauge contains : only 1 plies
Example-1: Now question is - A sweater has 50 stitches on 4 inches fabric, find out its gauge (GG)?

Answer: 50 / 4 = 12.5 (That means the sweater belongs to 12 GG).

Otherwise, we can memorize the information below to identify sweater’s knitting gauge by yarn (Count and Ply). I’m not a sweater expert, you can discuss with expert for more information. (If you need).

Sweaters GG
 Gauge Count & Ply Count & Ply 3 GG 2/16 4 plies 5 GG 2/16 3 plies 7 GG 2/16 2 plies 10 GG 2/32 3 plies 12 GG 2/32 2 plies 2/16 1ply

Note: To figure out yarn consumption of sweater, you’ve to add minimum 10% wastage. See calculation below as reference.

Example-2: Sweater’s color is white, order quantity 5000 pcs, yarn consumption in dozen 11.5 lbs. how many lbs. of yarn you need for this order?

Answer: 11.5 / 12 x 5000 + 10% = 5324 lbs. Formula: yarn consumption dozen / 12 x 5000 + 10% (wastage)