# Textile Calculation

## Fabric Consumption for Basic T-shirt

Fabric Consumption for Basic T-shirt
Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.

Introduction:
Fabric consumption is an important task for garments merchandiser. Because 50% cost for garments making is fabric. If fabric consumption and calculation is not correct then company will face to huge loss. There are two formula or process of fabric consumption for basic t-shirt. One in Centimeter and another in Inch. They are given below.

 Sketch of t-shirt
Calculation – 01: Formula in Centimeter:
Suppose one of T-shirt’s Body length (72+4) cm, Slib length (23+2) cm, Chest length (Dia) (53+2) cm and G.S.M 180. Determine the fabric consumption for the basic T-Shirt.

Solution:

Here, Body Length = 76 cm
Sleeve Length = 25 cm
Chest Length = 55×2=110 cm (For both side)

We get,

(Body length + Sleeve length) x (Chest x 2) x G.S.Μ
Fabric consumption = ……………………………………………......………….. Kg
1000 x 10000

(76 + 25) x (55x2) x 180
= …………………………………
1000 x 10000

101 x 19800
= …………………
10000000

1999800
= ………………….
10000000

= 0.19998 kg

The amount of fabric is just for 1 piece. Generally 12 pieces are counted with one.

Fabric consumption for 1 Dozen = 12×0.19998 kgs
= 2.399 kgs

Fabric consumption for 1 Dozen 2 kgs and 399 gms.

Calculation – 02: Formula in Inch:
Here, Body Length = (28+ 1) inch
Sleeve Length = (9+1) inch

Chest Length = (21+1) inch =22 inch×2
= 44 inch

G.S.M = 180

According to formula,

(Body length + Sleeve length) x (Chest x 2) x G.S.Μ
Fabric consumption = ……………………………………………….........……….. Kg
1550 x 1000

(29 + 10) x (22x2) x 180
= …………………………………..
1550 x 1000

308880
= ………………….
1550000

= 0.199920 kgs

The amount of fabric is just for 1 piece. Generally 12 pieces are counted with one.

Fabric consumption for 1 Dozen = 12×0.199920 kg
= 2.391 kg

Fabric consumption for 1 Dozen 2 kg and 391 gm.